Yes you can. And have you? Again, that action never happens if there is a penalty, so any sour grapes the team that just goes down the pitch and scored has got are just that. It's like the Napoli-Juve action the other day, if it was a penalty on Albiol it's a penalty on Albiol, and the penalty down the other end on Cuadrado never happens. Juve might complain but no more than Napoli ended up complaining anyways. Either way, the question is getting it right, not who is going to be indignant or complaining.
Finally, I really doubt it should take long enough for a player to go down and score for that communication to happen. The Juve-Napoli action is a paradigm case of a team going down from one end to the other after a penalty shout about as fast as you can, and even there 10 seconds have elapsed. Again, in a world where military technology is making much bigger decisions in much more compressed time frames, this really isn't as complicated as people are making it out. Just because football tends to be run by dullards doesn't mean it has to be that way.